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Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Since its discovery in December 2019, coronavirus (COVID-19) infections have been confirmed in many locations around the world including in the United States and in Ohio. As of March 14, 2020, COVID-19 has been confirmed in Cleveland. Mayor Frank G. Jackson’s announcement of the first case and daily updates can be found by clicking here:
https://clecityhall.com/

City of Cleveland residents, students, workers, and visitors are encouraged to do the following to help stop the spread of COVID-19:
  • Stay at home if you are feeling sick and call a doctor BEFORE you visit an emergency department or doctor’s office if you have the following symptoms:
    • Fever
    • Cough
    • Shortness of Breath
  • Frequently wash your hands with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds. If hand washing facilities are not available, use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
  • Sanitize surfaces that are frequently touched, and
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.
Based on what is currently known about COVID-19, individuals over 60 years of age or have underlying health factors like diabetes, heart disease, and lung disease should exercise caution when attending public gatherings and should avoid people that are sick.

More information can be found on Ohio Department of Health’s website: https://coronavirus.ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/covid-19/

For more information, we have a fact sheet available by clicking the link below or you can call the Ohio Department of Health at 1-833-4-Ask-ODH.

Cleveland Department of Public Health Coronavirus Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet Translations:

(Amharic)   (Russian)
(Chinese, Simplified)   (Somali)
(Chinese, Traditional)   (Spanish)
(Korean)   (Vietnamese)



Hepatitis A Statewide Outbreak

The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) has declared a statewide community outbreak of hepatitis A after observing an increase in cases linked to certain risk factors since the beginning of 2018. ODH and Cleveland Department of Public Health are investigating these cases.

Outbreak case statistics are updated on the ODH website each Monday by 2 p.m. Cleveland Department of Public Health is also posting case statistics on our website every other week on our Data, Statistics and Reports page.

Outbreaks of hepatitis A are occurring in several states across the United States, including neighboring states of Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan and West Virginia.

Hepatitis A is a vaccine-preventable liver disease that usually spreads when a person ingests fecal matter - even in microscopic amounts - from contact with objects, food or drinks contaminated by the stool of an infected person. Hepatitis A can also be spread from close personal contact with an infected person, such as through sex.

People at increased risk for hepatitis A in this outbreak include:
  • People with direct contact with individuals infected with the virus
  • Men who have sex with men
  • People who use street drugs whether they are injected or not
  • People who are incarcerated
  • People experiencing homelessness
  • People who have traveled to other areas of the United States currently experiencing outbreaks.
Symptoms of hepatitis A include fatigue, low appetite, stomach pain, nausea, clay-colored stools and jaundice. People with hepatitis A can experience mild illness lasting a few weeks to severe illness lasting several months.

People who believe that they are at high risk for hepatitis A infection should contact their healthcare provider or Cleveland Department of Public Health for information about vaccination. People who know that they have been exposed to someone with hepatitis A should contact their healthcare provider or Cleveland Department of Public Health to discuss post-exposure vaccination options. Individuals who experience symptoms of hepatitis A should contact their healthcare provider.

See the press release that the City of Cleveland released on Friday, November 30, 2018.
Number of Hepatitis A Cases in Cleveland More Than Double From Previous Year.
See more information from the Cleveland Department of Public Health on hepatitis A.
Hepatitis A Data, Statistics and Reports page.

Measles

Measles is an acute, highly contagious respiratory disease caused by a virus. Most people in the United States are protected against measles through vaccination. However, unvaccinated travelers can get measles while they are in other countries and bring measles into the United States. They can spread measles to other people who are not protected against measles, which sometimes leads to outbreaks. This can occur in communities with unvaccinated people.

The symptoms of measles generally appear about sever to four-teen days after a person is infected. Measles usually begins with a high fever, cough, runny nose, and red, water eyes. Two or three days after symptoms begin, tiny white sports may appear inside the mouth. Three to five days after symptoms begin, a red blotchy rash appears, beginning at the hairline and spreading downward to the neck, trunk, arms, legs, and feet.

Measles is spread to other through coughing and sneezing. Infected people can spread measles to others four days before and after the rash appears.

People that have been exposed or are unsure of their vaccination status should contact their healthcare provider or Cleveland Department of Public Health.

For more information from the CDC please click the link below:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Measles (Rubeola)

See more information from the Cleveland Department of Public Health please click on the link below:

Measles Fact Sheet



Announcements:

New Data, Statistics and Reports page

The new data, statistics, and reports page has been updated with several new datasets. Cleveland Department of Public Health will continue to update this page to reflect new reports and data as it becomes available.

Lyme Disease Awareness Month – May

Lyme disease is caused by an infection with a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi. In Ohio, B. burgdorferi is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis.

Lyme disease cases are increasing in Ohio as the range of blacklegged tick populations continues to expand in the state and encounters with this tick occur more frequently, particularly in the forest habitats preferred by this tick.

Most humans are infected through the bites of immature ticks calls nymphs. Nymphs are tiny (less than 2 mm) and difficult to see; they feed during the spring and summer months. Adult ticks can also transmit Lyme disease bacteria, but they are much larger and are more likely to be discovered and removed before they have had time to transmit the bacteria. Adult blacklegged ticks are most active during the cooler months of the year.

The best way to prevent Lyme disease is to prevent tick bites.

If you find a tick on your body, remove it quickly to reduce the risk of contracting Lyme disease. See a healthcare provider if you do get sick. Lyme disease is curable. Early diagnosis and treatment are important in order to avoid further health problems related to Lyme disease.

For more information on Lyme Disease and ticks from Ohio Department of Health, please see the link below:

Tickborne Diseases in Ohio

For more information on Lyme Disease, please see the fact sheet from Cleveland Department of Public Health by clicking the link below:

Lyme Disease



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