cuyahoga

cleveland
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Health

Quick Facts About Womenís Health
What is Womenís Health?
What is a Pap smear?
What is a mammogram?
What is a sexually transmitted disease or STD?
What is bacterial vaginosis?
What is a yeast infection or candidiasis?
What is trichomoniasis?
What is syphilis?
What is scabies?
What is crabs or pediculosis pubis?
What are genital warts or human papilloma virus?
What is gonorrhea?
What is herpes?
What is chlamydia or nongonococcal urethritis?
What is HIV/AIDS?

What is Womenís Health?

So what exactly is the big deal about womenís health? The fact is that women are the health promoters of the family and the community, but 65% of health services are dedicated to children and fathers, the minimum to her. With this premise, we realized the huge worth of the woman in the promotion of health. Women have special health issues and have specific preventative health measures.

Even women living in Cleveland have specific health issues. The clinic is here to help you! Did you know that the rate of Cleveland women living with HIV/AIDS is almost 6 times greater than the Ohio rate?

Preventive care is also very important and the numbers donít lie. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2003, 70% of women over the age of 40 had a mammogram within the past 2 years and 79% of women over the age of 18 had a pap smear in the past 3 years. Have you?

What is a Pap smear?

A Pap smear is a test your doctor does to check for signs of cancer of the cervix, or womb. During a Pap smear, your doctor takes a sample of cells from your cervix to be tested. The cells on the slide are checked for signs that they're changing normally. Cells that are not changing normally could be an indication of caner. Cervical cancer is not life-threatening if it's caught early. Thatís why getting regular Pap smears is so important!

What is a mammogram?

A mammogram is a safe, low-dose x-ray of the breast. A high-quality mammogram is the most effective way to detect breast cancer. Early detection of breast cancer may allow more treatment options-It could mean saving your breast or even your life.

What is a sexually transmitted disease or STD?

An STD is an infection that is passed by having sex. Not all STDs have symptoms and not all STDs are curable. Protecting yourself is the best way to not get an STD. Not having sex, having just one partner, or using condoms all the time are important means to keep you safe.

Common STDs include:
  • Chlamydia
  • Crabs/ Pediculosis Pubis
  • Genital warts/ HPV
  • Gonorrhea
  • Hepatitis A and B
  • Herpes
  • HIV
  • Scabies
  • Syphilis
  • Trichomonas
Other genital infections that are not STDs include:
  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Candidiasis/ Yeast infections

What is bacterial vaginosis?

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is caused by anaerobic bacteria which often causes a discharge from the vagina. Patients can be infected without symptoms. This is not usually transmitted in sexual intercourse and can occur in women who are not sexually active. Treatment is important to prevent more serious infection and damage to reproductive organs.

What is a yeast infection or candidiasis?

Yeast Infections are caused by a fungal infection in the body and usually occur with itching, burning and discharge that looks like cottage cheese. They can usually be treated with over the counter cream or a prescription pill.

What is trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis is caused by a tiny parasite. Treatment is simple and involves a single dose or course of antibiotics. To avoid reinfection, any sexual partners must also be treated.

What is syphilis?

Syphilis is difficult to recognize because can take up to three months to show after sex with an infected person. It is very serious and starts off with highly infectious sores, which may disappear and appear later in the form of a rash on the palm or heels. If left untreated, it can cause serious problems in the heart, lungs, or nervous system. It is curable by shots of along acting penicillin.

What is scabies?

Scabies is caused by a tiny mite and may appear as a small white dot. The scabies mite causes symptoms when it digs a little tunnel below the skin and causes a type of allergic reaction. It is contracted by close human contact. It may appear like a small red rash and frequently occurs in the cracklike areas of the body such as between the fingers or toes, the buttocks, the elbows, the waist area, the genital area, or under the breasts in women. It is curable with special lotions.

What is crabs or pediculosis pubis?

Pubic lice are sometimes called crabs. They live in coarse body hair, such as pubic hair, but can also live in underarm hair, on hairy legs and chests, and occasionally in beards, eyebrows and eyelashes. They cause skin irritation but can be treated with shampoo. Partners should also be treated and bedding washed.

What are genital warts or human papilloma virus?

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the virus that causes both cervical cancer and warts (genital as well as others). Genital warts can appear as small white lumps or larger, cauliflower-shaped growths. Warts may be removed surgically, chemically, or frozen off. However, there is no cure and they may return after removal. They may disappear on their own.

Unique strains of HPV are responsible for cervical cancer and can be detected through routine pap smears. Not all infections with HPV lead to cancer, and early detection may prevent cancer from occurring.

The newly released HPV vaccine will protect uninfected individuals from some of the most common strains.

What is gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea, also called the clap, is a bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotics. Many women do not show symptoms, however the initial symptoms and signs in women include a painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods. Women with gonorrhea are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection, regardless of the presence or severity of symptoms.

Men have more visible symptoms and usually have a painful penile discharge.

What is herpes?

Herpes simplex virus causes blisters that usually occur in the mouth and genitals. The blisters break and become ulcers. They can come and go and breakouts can happen at any time. There are treatments for Herpes, but no cure exists.

What is chlamydia or nongonococcal urethritis?

Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium which can damage a woman's reproductive organs. Even though symptoms of chlamydia are usually mild or absent, serious complications that cause irreversible damage, including infertility, can occur. If symptoms do occur, they include unusual vaginal discharge and burning while urinating. Chlamydia often has no symptoms in men but may cause discharge from the penis. It can easily be treated and cured with antibiotics.

What is HIV/AIDS?

HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. It is passed sexually as well as through exposures to infected blood. HIV destroys a personís immune system, leaving them vulnerable to many other diseases. HIV/AIDS is treatable but not curable. Treatment does not prevent transmission to other partners.

Learn more about the Cleveland Department of Public Healthís HIV/AIDS program

Para ver mas informacion sobre la salud feminina, visite http://womenshealth.gov/espanol/